Hand-tufted rugs and hand-hooked rugs are produced with a tufting gun. Working much like an oversized sewing needly, the gun pushes and pulls threads and yarn through a scrim - a pre-woven grid foundation. With a hooked rug, the loops of yarn are left intact to form a characteristically "knobby" pile. In a tufted rug, the taps of loops are sheared to expose the thread ends for a softer and plusher pile.
A flat-weave rug is constructed without a pile. Here, colored weft yarns are woven through the warps to create the pattern. There are numerous varieties of flat weaves: kilims, dhurries and soumaks to name a few.
A split-weave kilim is constructed when colored weft yarns are woven though the warps to create the pattern and the thread is pulled through the warp only as far as the pattern and color dictate. Then the thread is turned back on itself to go the direction in which it came finishing the same side on which it started. Different colored threads meet but do not join, creating the design.
Loom woven rugs are woven on looms and they are then hand washed and hand finished, utilizing time-honored techniques, to accentuate the beauty of each individual rug. Loom-woven rugs have the texture, look and feel of a high-quality handmade piece without the high cost normally associated with handmade rugs.
Powerlooms enable rug makers to produce floor coverings at a much faster rate than anything woven by hand. Though these early machine made rugs were by no means as detailed as those done by an artisan's hands, they brought affordability and accessibility to a much larger market. Since the initial development of the powerloom, manufacturers have strived to re-create the look of a fine handmade carpet with varying degrees of success. When purchasing a powerloomed rug, remember, its not just about price!
Most important is that your rug is constructed of quality materials, like wool, natural fibers, or lasting synthetics dense enough to ensure- not only that the product lasts- but that it wears beautifully. Hand finishing or carving, featured in many Tapis rugs powerloomed rugs, are sure signs of quality. A finely powerloomed rug is superior in detail and durability to one that is poorly made. Tapis' powerloomed rugs are woven on state-of-the-art Wilton looms, known for their ability to produce incredibly intricate designs and superiorly blended colours. These electronically-driven looms are also produce two rugs simultaneously, which are then cut apart, known as face-to-face weaving.